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Cruise Ship Environmental Hygiene and the Risk of Norovirus Infection Outbreaks: An Objective Assessment of 56 Vessels Over 3 Years

November 11, 2009

Background   Norovirus infection outbreaks (NoVOs) occur frequently in closed populations, such as cruise ship passengers. Environmental contamination is believed to play an important role in NoVO propagation. Methods   Trained health care professionals covertly evaluated the thoroughness of disinfection cleaning (TDC) of 6 standardized …