Showing 41-50 of 341 results
CDC

Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)

October 21, 2007

Avian influenza in birds Avian influenza is an infection caused by avian (bird) influenza (flu) viruses. These influenza viruses occur naturally among birds. Wild birds worldwide carry the viruses in their intestines, but usually do not get sick from them. However, avian influenza is very …

CDC

Estimates of Healthcare-Associated Infections

October 20, 2007

A new report from CDC updates previous estimates of healthcare-associated infections. In American hospitals alone, healthcare-associated infections account for an estimated 1.7 million infections and 99,000 associated deaths each year. Of these infections: 32 percent of all healthcare-associated infection are urinary tract infections 22 percent …

CDC

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in Schools

October 20, 2007

Questions and Answers about Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in SchoolsAnswers to commonly asked questions about preventing the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin infections. CDC, along with parents and school officials, wants to do everything possible to protect students from MRSA skin infections. These are …

CDC

Clostridium difficile – Overview

October 20, 2007

What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)? Clostridium difficile [klo-STRID-ee-um dif-uh-SEEL] is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more serious intestinal conditions such as colitis. What are C. difficile diseases? They are diseases that result from C. difficile infections such as Colitis, more serious intestinal conditions, …

CDC

Shigella – Overview

October 20, 2007

What sort of germ is Shigella? The Shigella germ is actually a family of bacteria that can cause diarrhea in humans. They are microscopic living creatures that pass from person to person. Shigella were discovered over 100 years ago by a Japanese scientist named Shiga, …

CDC

How Does Food Become Contaminated?

October 20, 2007

We live in a microbial world, and there are many opportunities for food to become contaminated as it is produced and prepared. Many foodborne microbes are present in healthy animals (usually in their intestines) raised for food. Meat and poultry carcasses can become contaminated during …

CDC

Foodborne Disease

October 20, 2007

What is foodborne disease? Foodborne disease is caused by consuming contaminated foods or beverages. Many different disease-causing microbes, or pathogens, can contaminate foods, so there are many different foodborne infections. In addition, poisonous chemicals, or other harmful substances can cause foodborne diseases if they are …

CDC

MRSA – Overview

October 20, 2007

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics. These antibiotics include methicillin and other more common antibiotics such as oxacillin, penicillin and amoxicillin. Staph infections, including MRSA, occur most frequently among persons in hospitals and healthcare facilities (such …

CDC

Varicella (Chickenpox)

October 19, 2007

Overview of Varicella (Chickenpox) in Healthcare Settings Varicella (i.e., chickenpox) is a highly contagious disease caused by varicella zostervirus (VZV). Transmission of Varicella within healthcare facilities is well recognized, and guidelines for the prevention of nosocomial VZV infection previously have been published. Sources for healthcare-associated …

CDC

Burkholderia cepacia

October 17, 2007

B. cepacia is the name for a group or “complex” of bacteria that can be found in soil and water. B. cepacia bacteria are often resistant to common antibiotics. Populations susceptible to B. cepacia infection B. cepacia poses little medical risk to healthy people. However, …